Frequent Questions

How Does EPA define Environmental Justice?

Environmental Justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.

What is meant by fair treatment and meaningful involvement?


  • Fair treatment means that no group of people should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, governmental and commercial operations or policies

  • Meaningful Involvement means that:
    1. people have an opportunity to participate in decisions about activities that may affect their environment and/or health;
    2. the public’s contribution can influence the regulatory agency’s decision;
    3. their concerns will be considered in the decision making process; and
    4. the decision makers seek out and facilitate the involvement of those potentially affected

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